91.509 Survival Equipment for Aviation Overwater Operations
person may take off an airplane for a flight over water more than 50
nautical miles from the nearest shore unless that airplane is equipped
with a life preserver or an approved flotation means for each occupant
of the airplane.
(b) No person may take off an airplane for a flight
over water more than than 30 minutes flying time or 100 nautical miles
from the nearest shore unless it has on board the following survival
(1) A life preserver, equipped with an approved
survivor locator light, for each occupant of the airplane.
(2) Enough liferafts (each equipped with an approved
survival locator light) of a rated capacity and buoyancy to accomodate
the occupants of the airplane.
(3) At least one pyrotechnic signaling device for
(4) One self-buoyant, water-resistant, portable
emergency radio signaling device that is capable of transmission on the
appropriate emergency frequency or frequencies and not dependent upon
the airplane power supply.
(5) A lifeline stored in accordance with 25.1411 (g)
of this chapter.
(c) The required liferafts, life preservers, and
signaling devices must be installed in conspicuously marked locations
and easily accessible in the event of ditching without appreciable time
for preparatory procedures.
(d) A survival kit, appropriately equipped for the
route to be flown, must be attached to each required liferaft.
(e) As used in this section, the term shore means
that area of land adjacent to the water which is above the high water
mark and excludes land areas which are intermittently under water.
The above information is excerpted from the 2002 ASA FAR/AIM which is
republished from U.S. DOT, Title 14 CFR. It is designated 91.509 and is
located in Subpart F-Large and Turbine Powered Multiengine Airplanes.
All information should be verified current and accurate by the
owner/operator prior to use.
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